F-4S Phantom II “Black Bunny” Arrives at Castle Air Museum

The Bunny arrived on July 27th at the Castle Air Museum's Restoration Hangar. (image via Castle Air Museum)
Aircorps Art Dec 2019

by Adam Estes

After a multi-year fundraising operation, and the cooperation of the Pima Air & Space Museum in Tucson, Arizona, a unique example of the McDonnell-Douglas Phantom II arrived at the Castle Air Museum in Atwater, California. This being F-4S BuNo.155539, the last example of the breed to have flown with Air Test and Evaluation Squadron Four (VX-4), better known as “The Evaluators.”

F 4S Phantom II Black Bunny Arrives at Castle Air Museum

Manufactured in St. Louis, Missouri, as an F-4J-33-MD, construction number 2777, Bureau Number 155539 would make its first flight on February 22, 1968, before being assigned by the US Navy to VF-102 aboard USS America (CV-66). 155539 would also be operated by VF-102 on shore at NAS Oceana, Virginia. After serving aboard USS Independence (CV-62) and a brief assignment to NAS Fallon, Nevada, 155539 was transferred to VF-101 in May of 1975, flying out of Oceana and MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina before being reassigned to VF-33 at NAS Oceana before taking another assignment onboard USS Independence. 155539 would also serve on USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69), Roosevelt Roads Naval Station in Puerto Rico, and once again on USS America. Its final assignment with VF-33 was at NAS Oceana before the aircraft was sent to NAS North Island, California, to be converted from an F-4J to an F-4S at the Naval aircraft Rework/Refit Facility, which saw the addition of smokeless engines, reinforcements to the airframe, and leading-edge slats for maneuverability. In May of 1981, 155539 was transferred to VX-4 (Air Test and Evaluation Squadron Four, (AIRTEVRON FOUR)), known as the Evaluators, based at NAS Point Mugu, California.

F 4J VF 33 USS Independence 1977
McDonnell Douglas F-4J Phantom II fighter (BuNo 155539) from fighter squadron VF-33 Tarsiers aboard the aircraft carrier USS Independence (CV 62) during 1977. VF-33 was assigned to Carrier Air Wing 7 (CVW-7) aboard Independence for a deployment to the Mediterranean Sea from March 30th to  October 21st, 1977. (image via Wikipedia)

Its original modex XF-8 was changed to XF-1 in 1982, giving it the now-famous callsign Vandy 1, along with a distinctive, all-black livery. To complement the all-black paint scheme, VX-4 personnel painted a Playboy Bunny on the tails of their Phantoms, albeit without asking permission from Hugh Hefner, who owned the trademarked symbol. The media mogul initially considered taking legal action for this breach but gave way to common sense and granted permission to use his Bunny emblem.

Bunny F 4S VX 4 at Point Mugu 1982 scaled
F-4S Phantom II BuNo 155539 during its heyday with Test and Evaluation Squadron 4 (VX-4) at Naval Air Station Point Mugu, California during 1982. (image via Wikimedia)

VX-4 used BuNo.155539 to evaluate advanced systems for future use on aircraft deployed within the fleet. The Phantom also took part in several air shows, where its distinctive markings earned it a nickname with the public, Black Bunny.

As newer jets, such as the F-14 Tomcat and F/A-18 Hornet, joined the US Navy, the service began phasing out the venerable Phantom II, both from carrier-based squadrons and evaluation units as well. This eventually saw F-14 Tomcats taking on the Black Bunny moniker and Vandy 1 callsign with VX-4. On May 2nd, 1986, BuNo.155539 made its last flight, transiting from Point Mugu to the Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC, now the 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group) at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona.

Pima AMARG Boneyard Phantom F4 Navy Playboy panoramio e1690740755827
Vandy-1 aka Black Bunny during its time in storage at AMARG in February 2007. (photo by David Broad via Wikimedia)

And there the iconic jet would remain under the hot desert sun for the next 36 years. As time passed, and so many of the Phantom IIs stored at AMARG fell to the scrapper’s bulldozer, BuNo.155539 became the sole intact example with a VX-4 pedigree, although the forward fuselage of another Black Bunny F-4S, BuNo.153783, is stored in Lancashire, England. [The latter artifact survived due to its post-US Navy service with Britain’s Royal Air Force as F-4J(UK) ZE352.]

US Navy F 4 Phantoms from China Lake in flight in the 1970s
An unusual formation of U.S. Navy McDonnell F-4 Phantom IIs from the Air Test and Evaluation Squadron (VX-4) and the Naval Missile Center in China Lake, California. Visible are QF-4B BuNo 148365 (written off at China Lake on January 31st, 1974), F-4B BuNo 150435, F-4J BuNo 153783 (sold to the RAF as ZE351 on August 30th, 1984), and F-4J BuNo 153795 (sold to the RAF as ZE354 on August 30th, 1984). The forward fuselage from the lead aircraft now survives in the UK, the only significant Phantom II relic from VX-4 to survive outside of Castle Air Museum’s complete Black Bunny. (image via Wikimedia)

Although the aircraft featured in the Boneyard’s Celebrity Row, the longer it remained at AMARG, the greater the chances that it too would be cut up for scrap. Fortunately, in 2016, the Castle Air Museum stepped in to save the Black Bunny. Little by little, donations from across the country came in, contributing to the effort to raise the necessary US$50,000 fee to move BuNo.155539 from the Boneyard to Atwater. While several subassemblies from the jet began were transported to Castle, the airframe itself still required a nearby facility for safe storage until it could finally make its way to the museum. Luckily, the Pima Air & Space Museum sits just across the street from the Boneyard and had ample room to assist the Castle Air Museum in saving the iconic jet. In late January 2022, Black Bunny moved to Pima’s outdoor storage lot, within sight of the museum’s display areas and adjacent to their restoration facilities. Pima has performed a similar service for other museums, temporarily storing aircraft on site after they leave the 309th AMARG for eventual preservation and display elsewhere.

Pull Over Of Vandy 1 To the Pima Air and Space Museum 1
Vandy-1 under tow across the road from AMARG for safekeeping at the Pima Air & Space Museum during January, 2022. (photo by Dan Rivera)

Having raised sufficient funds to facilitate BuNo.155539’s move, Castle Air Museum contracted MKB Farms (using Worldwide Aircraft Recovery’s trailer) to perform the task. With the exception of the aircraft’s foldable wingtips, the entire airframe was loaded onto Worldwide’s big rig for the long journey west. It left Tucson during the night of Monday, July 24th, arriving at its first stop, near the banks of the Colorado River, in Parker, Arizona.

Vandy 1 Ready For Transport From the Pima Air Museum to Castle Air Museum California Photo By Dan Rivera
Vandy-1 ready for transport from the Pima Air & Space Museum to the Castle Air Museum in Atwater, California. (photo By Dan Rivera)

They drove into California the next day, sailing speedily along from Parker, through Palm Springs, San Bernardino, and Victorville before closing the day outside Tehachapi. Wednesday would see the Black Bunny roll through Bakersfield to reach Interstate 5 and loop back to Modesto for the final stretch to the museum, where they arrived during the morning of July 28th. Now that BuNo.155539 has arrived, museum staff will move the jet into their restoration hangar to undergo preparation for static display. Once the airframe is ready, it will become one of the finest and most unusual Phantom IIs on display anywhere!

A constant fundraising effort is required to maintain Castle Air Museum and its aircraft. Their important mission is only achievable due to the generosity of people like you – so please click HERE to give them support!




  1. Vandy-1 Was the most interesting Aircraft that was brought over From AMARC (Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center) When I took these Photos The Pull Over and the Day of VANDY-1 coming and going, they were both iconic days. Awesome Article Adam!

  2. The bunny insignia was used by VMCJ-2 ( Playboys ) at Cherry Point until the Marine Corp had it changed. The only difference was VMCJ-2s bunny’s ear had a bend on one ear

Graphic Design, Branding and Aviation Art

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.